Taksha Sanskrit Institute (TSI)

Irish Daily

Why does my child study Sanskrit?

by Rutger Kortenhorst

Rutger Kortenhorst, a Sanskrit teacher in John Scottus School in Dublin, Ireland, speaks to parents of his school children on the value of teaching Sanskrit to children, based on his own experience with the

Good evening Ladies and Gentlemen, we are going to spend an hour together looking at the topic ‘Why does my child study Sanskrit in John Scottus?’ My bet is that at the end of the hour you will all have
come to the conclusion that your children are indeed fortunate that this extraordinary language is part of their curriculum.

Firstly, let us look at Why Sanskrit for my child? We are the only school in Ireland doing this language, so this will need some explaining.

There are another 80 JSS-type schools in UK and also around the world that have made the same decision to include Sanskrit in their curriculum (they are all off-shoots from the School of Philosophy).

Secondly, how is Sanskrit taught? You may have noticed your son or daughter singing Sanskrit grammar songs in the back of the car just for the fun of it on the way home from school. I’ll spend some time telling you HOW we approach teaching Sanskrit now since my learning from India.

But Why Sanskrit?

To answer that we need to look at the qualities of Sanskrit. Sanskrit
stands out above all other languages for its beauty of sound,
precision in pronunciation and reliability as well as thoroughness in
every aspect of its structure. This is why it has never fundamentally
changed unlike all other languages. It has had no need to change being
the most perfect language of Mankind ever.

If we consider Shakespeare’s English, we realize how different and
therefore difficult for us his English language was although it is
just English from less than 500 years ago. We struggle with the
meaning of Shakespeare’s English or that of the King James Bible. Go
back a bit further and we don’t have a clue about the English from the
time of Chaucer’s ‘Pilgrim’s Progress’ from around 700 AD. We cannot
even call this English anymore and now rightly call it Anglo-Saxon. So
English hadn’t even been born!

All languages keep changing beyond recognition. They change because
they are defective. The changes are in fact corruptions. They are born
and die after seven or eight hundred years -about the lifetime of a
Giant Redwood Tree- because after so much corruption they have no life
left in them.

Surprisingly there is one language in the world that does not have
this short lifespan. Sanskrit is the only exception. It is a
never-dying constant. The reason for the constancy in Sanskrit is that
it is completely structured and thought out. There is not a word that
has been left out in its grammar or etymology, which means every word
can be traced back to where it came from originally. This does not
mean there is no room for new words either. Just as in English we use
older concepts from Greek and Latin to express modern inventions like
a television: ‘tele [far] – vision [seeing]’ or ‘compute -er’.

Sanskrit in fact specializes in making up compound words from smaller
words and parts. The word ‘Sams – krita’ itself means ‘completely –

So what advantages are there to a fundamentally unchanging language?
What is advantageous about an unchanging friend, say? Are they
reliable? What happens if you look at a text in Sanskrit from
thousands of years ago?

The exceptional features of Sanskrit have been recognised for a few
centuries all over the world, so you will find universities from many
countries having a Sanskrit faculty. Whether you go to Hawai,
Cambridge or Harvard and even Trinity College Dublin has a seat for
Sanskrit -although it is vacant at present. May be one of your
children will in time fill this position again?

Although India has been its custodian, Sanskrit has had universal
appeal for centuries. The wisdom carried by this language appeals to
the West as we can see from Yoga and Ayurvedic Medicine as well as
meditation techniques, and practical philosophies like Hinduism,
Buddhism and most of what we use in the School of Philosophy. It
supports, expands and enlightens rather than conflicts with local
traditions and religions.

The precision of Sanskrit stems from the unparalleled detail on how
the actual sounds of the alphabet are structured and defined. The
sounds have a particular place in the mouth, nose and throat that can
be defined and will never change.

This is why in Sanskrit the letters are called the ‘Indestructibles’
[aksharáni]. Sanskrit is the only language that has consciously laid
out its sounds from first principles. So the five mouth-positions for
all Indestructibles [letters] are defined and with a few clearly
described mental and physical efforts all are systematically planned:
[point out chart]

After this description, what structure can we find in a, b, c, d, e, f
, g.? There isn’t any, except perhaps that it starts with ‘a’, and
goes downhill from there.

Then there is the sheer beauty of the Sanskrit script as we learn it
today. [Some examples on the board]

You may well say: ‘Fine, but so why should my son or daughter have yet
another subject and another script to learn in their already busy
school-day?’ In what way will he or she benefit from the study of
Sanskrit in 2012 in the Western world?

The qualities of Sanskrit will become the qualities of your child-
that is the mind and heart of your child will become beautiful,
precise and reliable.

Sanskrit automatically teaches your child and anybody else studying it
to pay FINE attention due to its uncanny precision. When the precision
is there the experience is, that it feels uplifting. It makes you
happy. It is not difficult even for a beginner to experience this. All
you have to do is fine-tune your attention and like music you are
drawn in and uplifted. This precision of attention serves all
subjects, areas and activities of life both while in school and for
the rest of life. This will give your child a competitive advantage
over any other children. They will be able to attend more fully,
easily and naturally. Thus in terms of relationships, work, sport- in
fact all aspects of life, they will perform better and gain more
satisfaction. Whatever you attend to fully, you excel in and you enjoy

By studying Sanskrit, other languages can be learnt more easily; this
being the language all others borrow from fractionally. The Sanskrit
grammar is reflected in part in Irish or Greek, Latin or English. They
all have a part of the complete Sanskrit grammar. Some being more
developed than others, but always only a part of the Sanskrit grammar,
which is the only language complete in itself.

What Sanskrit teaches us that there is a language that is ordered,
following laws unfailingly and as they are applied your child gets
uplifted, not only when they grow up, but as they are saying it! This
means they get an unusual but precise, definite and clear insight into
language while they are enjoying themselves.

They learn to speak well, starting from Sanskrit, the mother language
of all languages. Those who speak well run the world. Barack Obama
makes a difference because he can speak well. Mahatma Gandhi could
move huge crowds with well-balanced words. Mother Theresa could
express herself with simple words which uplift us even now.

The language of the great Master Teachers of mankind from times past
is all we have got after centuries and millennia, but they make all
the difference. We can enter the remarkable mind of Plato through his
words. If your daughter or son can express themselves well through
conscious language they will be the leaders of the next generation.

Sanskrit has the most comprehensive writings in the world expressed
through the Vedas and the Gítá. The Upanishads -translated by William
Butler Yeats have given people from all over the world an insight into
universal religious feelings for more than one century now.

To know these well expressed simple words of wisdom in the original is
better than dealing with copies or translations as copies are always
inferior to originals. We really need clear knowledge on universal
religion in an age faced with remarkable levels of religious bigotry
and terrorism arising from poorly understood and half-baked religious


Vivekananda, a great spiritual leader from India revered by all in the
World Religious Conference of 1880 in Chicago said:

You can put a mass of knowledge into the world, but that will not do
it much good. There must come some culture into the blood. We all know
in modern times of nations which have masses of knowledge, but what of
them? They are like tigers; they are like savages, because culture is
not there.

Knowledge is only skin-deep, as civilization is, and a little scratch
brings out the old savage. Such things happen; this is the danger.
Teach the masses in the vernaculars, give them ideas; they will get
information, but something more is necessary; give them culture.

Sanskrit can help your child to express universal, harmonious and
simple truths better. As a result you will really have done your duty
as a parent and the world will reap the benefits in a more humane,
harmonious and united society. Sanskrit can do this as it is the only
language that is based in knowledge all the way. Nothing is left to

Just think for the moment how confusing it is for a child to learn to
say ‘rough’, but ‘dough’. And why does the ‘o’ in ‘woman’ sound like
an ‘e’ in ‘women’? How come the ‘ci’ in ‘special’ is different from
the ‘ci’ in ‘cinema’?

Teachers may well say ‘Just learn it’ as there is no logical
explanation, but it only demonstrates to a child that it is all a bit
of a hit-and-miss affair. What else does this randomness in the
fundamental building-blocks of language teach a child about the world?
That it’s just a confusing, random chance-event? How can this give
anyone any confidence?

Now go to a language where everything is following rules. Where
nothing is left to chance from the humble origin of a letter to the
most sophisticated philosophical idea. How will that child meet the
world? Surely with confidence, clarity and the ability to express

I have seen myself and others growing in such qualities, because of
our contact with Sanskrit. I have just spent a year in India. Though
it felt a bit like camping in a tent for a year, it was well worth it.

For many years, we taught Sanskrit like zealots i.e. with high levels
of enthusiasm and low levels of understanding, to both adults in the
School of Philosophy and children in John Scottus School. We did not
perhaps inspire a lot of our students and may have put a number of
them off the study of Sanskrit. It felt to me like we needed to go to
the source.

Sanskrit teachers worth their salt need to live with people whose
daily means of communication is in Sanskrit. I had already spent three
summers near Bangalore at ‘Samskrita Bharati’ doing just that and
becoming less of an amateur, but it really needed a more thorough
study. So I moved into a traditional gurukulam for the year. This
meant living on campus, eating lots of rice and putting up with a few
power-cuts and water shortages, but by December 2009, I made up my
mind that I would step down as vice-principal of the Senior School and
dedicate myself to Sanskrit for the rest of my teaching life.

It felt like a promotion to me as quite a few could be vice-principal
but right now which other teacher could forge ahead in Sanskrit in
Ireland? [Hopefully this will change before I pop off to the next
world.] With Sanskrit I’m expecting my mind to improve with age even
if my body slows down a little.

Sanskrit is often compared to the full-time teacher, who is there for
you 24/7 whereas the other languages are more like part-timers. The
effects of studying Sanskrit on me have been first and foremost a
realistic confidence. Secondly, it meant I had to become more precise
and speak weighing my words more carefully. It also taught me to
express myself with less waffle and therefore speak more briefly. My
power of attention and retention has undoubtedly increased.

Teaching method

Now, let me explain for a few minutes, HOW Sanskrit is taught. To my
surprise it is not taught well in most places in India. Pupils have to
learn it from when they are around age 9 to 11 and then they give it
up, because it is taught so badly! Only a few die-hards stick with it,
in time teaching the same old endings endlessly to the next
generation. This is partly due to India having adopted a craving to
copy the West and their tradition having been systematically rooted
out by colonialism.

For learning grammar and the wisdom of the East, I was well-placed in
a traditional gurukulam, but for spoken Sanskrit I felt a modern
approach was missing.

Then I found a teacher from the International School belonging to the
Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry. His name is Narendra. He has
developed a novel, inspiring and light method to teach grammar, which
doesn’t feel like you do any grammar at all. At the same time it isn’t
diluted for beginners so you don’t end up with partial knowledge. I
also followed a few Sanskrit Conversation camps, which all brought
about more familiarity.

Narendra says he owes his method to Sri Aurobindo and his companion
The Mother who inspired him to come up with the course we now follow
in Dublin. This is one of the many things The Mother said to inspire
him:”Teach logically. Your method should be most natural, efficient
and stimulating to the mind. It should carry one forward at a great
pace. You need not cling there to any past or present manner of

This is how I would summarize the principles for teaching Sanskrit as
we carry it out at present:

  1. Language learning is not for academics as everyone learns to speak a language from an early age before they can read and write and know what an academic is. So why insist in teaching Sanskrit academically?
  2. The writing script is not the most fundamental thing to be taught. A language is firstly made of its sounds, words and spoken sentences. [The script we use -though very beautiful- is only a few hundred years old.]
  3. Always go from what is known to what is new.
  4. Understanding works better than memorisation in this Age. Learning by heart should only take up 10 percent of the mental work, rather than the 90 percent rote learning in Sanskrit up to the recent present.
  5. Don’t teach words and endings in isolation; teach them in the context of a sentence as the sentence is the smallest meaningful unit in language.
  6. Any tedious memory work which cannot be avoided should be taught in a song.
  7. Do not teach grammatical terms. Just as we don’t need to know about the carburetor, when we learn to drive a car.
  8. The course should be finished in two years by an average student according to Narendra. This may be a little optimistic given that we are a little out of the loop not living in India, which is still Sanskrit’s custodian. At present I would say it is going to be a three-year course.
  9. Language learning must be playful. Use drama, song, computer games and other tricks to make learning enjoyable.

We have started on this course since September and it has certainly put a smile on our pupils’ faces, which makes a pleasant change. I now feel totally confident that we are providing your children with a thorough, structured and enjoyable course. Our students should be well prepared for the International Sanskrit Cambridge exam by the time
they finish -age 14/15- at the end of second year. We will also teach them some of the timeless wisdom enshrined in various verses. At present we are teaching them: “All that lives is full of the Lord. Claim nothing; enjoy! Do not covet His property”- in the original of course.

The future

Let us look at the 500 – year cycle of a Renaissance. The last
European Renaissance developed three subjects: Art, Music and Science
to shape the world we live in today. It had its beginning in Florence.
The great Humanist Marsilio Ficino made Plato available to the masses
by translating it from Greek to Latin. We live in exciting times and
may well be at the beginning of a new Renaissance. It also will be
based on three new subjects: Some say that these will be Economics,
Law and Language.

Language has to become more universal now as we can connect with each
other globally within seconds. NASA America’s Space Program is
actively looking at Sanskrit in relation to I.T. and artificial

Sri Aurobindo said “.at once majestic and sweet and flexible, strong
and clearly-formed and full and vibrant and subtle.”.

What John Scottus pupils have said:

It makes your mind bright, sharp and clear.

It makes you feel peaceful and happy.

It makes you feel BIG.

It cleans and loosens your tongue so you can pronounce any language easily.

What Sanskrit enthusiasts like Rick Briggs in NASA have said:

It gives you access to a vast and liberating literature.

It can describe all aspects of human life from the most abstract
philosophical to the latest scientific discoveries, hinting at further

Sanskrit and computers are a perfect fit. The precision play of
Sanskrit with computer tools will awaken the capacity in human beings
to utilize their innate higher mental faculty with a momentum that
would inevitably transform the mind. In fact, the mere learning of
Sanskrit by large numbers of people in itself represents a quantum
leap in consciousness, not to mention the rich endowment it will
provide in the arena of future communication. NASA, California

After many thousands of years, Sanskrit still lives with a vitality
that can breathe life, restore unity and inspire peace on our tired
and troubled planet. It is a sacred gift, an opportunity. The future
could be very bright.

Rick Briggs [NASA]
You may well have a few questions at this stage after which I would
like to introduce you to a plant in the audience. A parent turned into
a blazing ball of enthusiasm over Sanskrit grammar: John Doran. I
would like him to wrap up.

I’ll give NASA’s Rick Briggs the last word from me:

One thing is certain; Sanskrit will only become the planetary language
when it is taught in a way which is exciting and enjoyable.
Furthermore it must address individual learning inhibitions with
clarity and compassion in a setting which encourages everyone to step
forth, take risks, make mistakes and learn.